Jewish Internationalism as a Response to Anti-Semitism, Abstract by Rona Yona
In 1882 the first anti-Jewish international congress was convened in central Europe. The congress preceded the creation of international Jewish organizations, which at that time still relied primarily on notables like Montefiore or Rothschild. The present paper wishes to examine the emergence of modern international Jewish organizations in the context of the rise of modern anti-Semitism. I will argue that the rise of Jewish internationalism was connected with the rise of modern anti-Semitism as both a local and global phenomenon, which hastened the need of local Jewish communities to seek political power and influence by establishing permanent political ties with Jews and Jewish communities in other countries. As a result Jews adopted different kinds of international organizations which emerged in the second half of the 19th century. The paper will trace the emergence of Jewish internationalism from its early beginnings in the nineteenth century, up until the First World War, where a variety of such organizations had clearly emerged.
Rona Yona is a postdoctoral fellow at the Open University in Israel, and editor of Israel: Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel published by Tel Aviv University. She holds a Ph.D. in Jewish history from Tel Aviv University and an MA in European History from the Hebrew University. Her dissertation examines Hechalutz (The Pioneer) in Poland as a mass movement and the rise of Socialist Zionism to power. Her new project explores Socialist Zionism as a Jewish international movement.
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